The world politics is constantly changing and in international relations nothing is constant, no countries have permanent enemy or friend. The change of the relationship depends heavily on national interest where we can find the economic interest’s influence. In this contemporary world, as an economic power rise of China, India, Brazil, and Japan reflecting that the comings back of the era of multi-polarity in the world order. But here also we can find some facts that we could not ignore. Although economically India, Brazil is growing but there is a bulk of differences and it would not be fair to compare the growth rate with China and United States economic growth. Not only the economy but also technology is another factor that is going to lead the near futures world order. Technologically the first place goes to Japan and second the United States where the place of China comes at ninth where India is not in the top ten high technological advanced countries list according to young diplomats report (2016). Here we can find interesting dimension and we can refer that the world is going towards multi-polarity again.
watch the Video what is polarity in International Relations?
Here comes another dimension where globalization and multi-polarity work in different pathways. According to the Credit Suisse Research Institutes report, Getting over Globalization, stressing in the idea where it says if 2016 refers as the year that broke globalization then 2017 will see the more multi-polar world that would be a threat of a break down in trade. The report enhances the ideas and explains the multi-polarity in a number of ways not only with but notably also in the areas of military power, political and cyber freedom, technological sophistication, financial sector growth and in a greater sense of cultural prerogative and confidence.[i]
In 2018 we have seen changes in relations among power states according to their interests as always. The desire to influence other states and wish to become a dominant power in world politics has been changed in another dimension where we can see the changing strategy of United States economic and defense policies. Withdrawn from Transpacific partnership was one of the debatable issues of Trump administration, recently trump administrations decide the US will impose tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from allies such as Canada, Mexico, and the European Union. This decision will lead uncomfortable relations between the US and its allies. White House already acknowledges that these measures will lead to higher prices.
In the case of China the Belt and Road initiatives considered as new imperialism according to some scholars where it is going link more than 65 countries with a combined 4.5 billion people, three times China’s population and spanning every continent bar the Americas into a China-led economic sphere. This is to be achieved through the construction of a series of vast “economic co-operation corridors” comprising fuel pipelines, highways, ports, railways, transnational electric grids and even fiber optic systems.[ii]
Japan the country with technological development and without any nuclear weapon posses’ strong post in international politics. The country is the only one country which experienced the nuclear attack and after WW-II they pact with the US for its security guarantee and be there under US nuclear Umbrella. Recent North Korea and US peace process would be a matter of concern for Japan according to specialists. So the question here comes whether Japan is going to build up its relation with China or it would try to save its interest as an ally with the US?
Thus the question of Japan’s geopolitical future, much like the question of Germany after WW I, remains the most critical geopolitical issue of the 21st century.[iii]
The argument in the issue of the world order status is a continuous one. After WW-II it was Bipolar and for a period of time after the cold war, it was considered as unipolar. But after the 9/11 and continuous changing dimension of power status of the country and their relations reflects the multi-polarity in the world order.
Alma Siddqua Rothi
MSS student, Center for South Asian Studies, Pondicherry University, India.
[i] A more multipolar world to emerge in 2017 as globalization stalls; January 27, 2017; https://www.cfoinnovation.com/story/12538/more-multipolar-world-emerge-2017-globalization-stalls
[ii] ‘Belt and Road’: Imperialism with Chinese characteristics; February 19, 2018; http://chinaworker.info/en/2018/02/19/16985/
[iii] The End of Globalization: Economics of a Neo-Kissingerian Multipolar World Order,June 24, 2016; https://www.proshareng.com/news/Politics/The-End-of-Globalization–Economics-of-a-Neo-Kissingerian-Multipolar-World-Order/31469