Existentialist Lessons for Societal Collapse

What if the world we currently live in were to collapse? What sounds like the theme of a new post-apocalyptic TV-show in fact is what occupies an emerging scientific movement called Collapsology. It can be best described as the cross-disciplinary study of industrial and societal collapse due to climatic instabilities. Collapsology proposes that humans have…Read More

Phoenicia: A Forgotten Civilization and History’s First Global Empire

Phoenicia: A Forgotten Civilization and History’s First Global Empire

Abstract Lebanon’s history is one of the least talked about but one of the oldest in history dating back to the ancient civilization of Canaan or Phoenicia. The influence of the Phoenicians was felt far and across the ancient world. The Phoenicians managed to spread their influence because they ventured beyond their homeland both physically…Read More

Contribution of Muslim Rulers in the Society of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain)

Abstract The Iberian Peninsula is a mountainous region in Europe located in the present days in Spain and Portugal. Muslims recognized this region as Andalusia. Gibraltar channel had separated Europe and Africa on the southern side of this peninsula. Different power rules this land in multiple periods of history. In the medieval period, this area…Read More