Fall of the Oyo Empire: Causes, Consequences and Lessons for Modern Day Nigeria

ABSTRACT In his essay  ‘Fate of Empires” soldier, diplomat, and traveler LT-General Sir John Glove analyze the life cycle of empires; he found remarkable similarities between them all. From the early founding fathers who worked to develop the state to the final corrupt over-ambitious leaders who become a burden on the state. It must be…Read More

Contribution of Muslim Rulers in the Society of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain)

Abstract The Iberian Peninsula is a mountainous region in Europe located in the present days in Spain and Portugal. Muslims recognized this region as Andalusia. Gibraltar channel had separated Europe and Africa on the southern side of this peninsula. Different power rules this land in multiple periods of history. In the medieval period, this area…Read More

Partition of India and the Role of Indian National Congress

Abstract The main objective of my research is to find the role played by the Indian National Congress during the partition. On fundamental concepts, Most people think All India Muslim League collectively and Muhammad Ali Jinnah individually liable for this separation. So, INC is thrown in a safe zone. But currently, the dispute is praised…Read More

Who are the Rohingyas?

Abstract:  this article trace down the origin of Rohingyas and also the history of Arakan state, how the Rohingyas evolve in Arakan, the advent of Islam in Arakan when the influx of Rohingyas started at Bengal.  The first settlers of the Chittagong region were the Rohingyas or the people of Arakan.  And the history of…Read More

The History of Maritime Piracy in the Indian Ocean

Introduction: Maritime piracy used to be considered as a security threat for the traders. In this modern age, actual piracy is very rare. Because Pirates need favorable conditions to succeed like weak states with accessible coastlines, disengagement by major naval powers, and rich cargoes passing nearby. Although maritime criminal activity still exists in the Caribbean,…Read More